- In southwestern Ontario, local First Nations knew about the gum beds (pools of oil that have seeped to the surface). They used the sticky oil to waterproof their canoes and for medicinal purposes long before carriage-maker James Williams registered the world's first commercial oil well in 1858. It was located in Oil Springs, Ontario.
- The word "petroleum" comes from Latin words: "petra" for rock and "oleum" for oil. Oil lies inside porous rock like water in a sponge.
- Canadian John Henry Fairbank invented the jerker rod system of pumping oil. His descendants have continued to pump oil for over 130 years in Oil Springs, Ontario. Oliver Fairbank Oil Properties Ltd. is the oldest petroleum company in the world!
- Oil (petroleum) took millions of years to form, yet humans will eventually
consume the world's oil supply, as fuel, in a much shorter time. Once it is used
up, we cannot make more.